Bus Prepare Plan

Preparing Your Business Plan
“Other things being equal, a well prepared business plan will increase your chances of obtaining the venture capitalist’s financial commitment.”
Business Planby Alan L. Olsen, CPA, MBA (tax)
Managing Partner
Greenstein Rogoff Olsen & Co. LLP

Introduction

A business plan is a description of your business. To be complete your plan should describe:

Your company and industry
The product
The market and marketing approach
How the product will be made
Who is involved it) the company, and
How much money the company needs and what it will do with it
You should consider that a well-prepared business plan plays two important roles. First, it is a useful management tool that can help you to plot a course for your company. Second, it is a sales tool that will impress venture capitalists with your planning ability and general competence as a manager. Other things being equal, a well prepared business plan will increase your chances of obtaining the venture capitalist’s financial commitment.

Organization & Content

Business Plan Outline

These are the sections of a business plan.

Summary
Company
Industry
Product
Market
Marketing
Operations
Management
Overall Schedule
Critical Risks and Problems
Financial Information

Summary
A brief description of your product and market
A brief description of the management team
A summary of your financial projections
The amount of money you now seek, in what form, and for what purpose
Company
Date and state of incorporation
Principals and what roles each of the principals played in bringing the business where it is today
Business purpose and highlights of progress to date
Industry
Present your view of the current status and prospects for the industry
Describe the principal participants and how they are performing
Describe the affect of major economic, social, technological, or regulatory trends
Product
Description
Research and development
Proprietary features
Future development
Market
Market definition
Market size
Market trends
Competition
Marketing
Estimated sales and market share
Strategy
Pricing
Sales and distribution
Service and warranty policies
Advertising, public relations and promotion
Operations
Location
Plant and equipment
Manufacturing processes
Labor
Management
Organization
Key management
Board of Directors
Professional services
Overall Schedule
Should be realistic
Completion dates for major aspects of the plan
Critical Risks and Problems
Negative factors
Plans to minimize impact of the negative factors
Financial Information
Funding request
Desired financing
Capitalization
Use of funds
Future financing
Current financial statements
Financial projections

Writing the Executive Summary

Many venture capitalists like to review a short summary of a business plan so they can quickly decide if it is worth their time to review the whole plan. Therefore, your objective in the summary is to convince venture capitalists to study your plan further.

The summary should describe all of the key elements of your business plan in just one or two pages. It should include the following information:

A brief description of your product and market
A brief description of the management team
A summary of your financial projections
The amount of money you now seek, in what form, and for what purpose

Company

The purpose of this section is to provide venture capitalists with background information on your company and to describe the nature and current condition of your industry. It should include the following information:

Date and state of incorporation
Principals and what roles each of the principals played in bringing the business where it is today
Business purpose and highlights of progress to date, including major developments such as the introduction of a new product
Industry
Present your view of the current status and process for the industry
Describe the principal participants and how they are performing, including growth in sales, profits, and current market share
Describe the affect of major economic, social, technological, or regulatory trends

Product

Your objective in this section is to completely, yet concisely, describe your product, along with any proprietary features and future development plans. It should include the following information:

Description – Describe the company’s product in detail indicating its nature and application. Include material such as engineering studies, photographs, and selling brochures.
Research and development – Describe the nature and extent of research and development work that must be completed before your product is placed on the market. The costs and time required to achieve a marketable product should be indicated.
Proprietary features – Describe any patents, trade secrets, and other proprietary features. Discuss any other factors that have allowed, or could allow you to obtain an advantageous position in your industry.
Future development – Discuss plans for extension of your present product, and development of new or related products.
Present your view of the current status and process for the industry.
Describe the principal participants and how they are performing, including growth in sales, profits, and current market share.
Describe the affect of major economic, social, technological, or regulatory trends.